High Blood Pressure or Hyper Tension

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High Blood Pressure or Hyper Tension

 

The Most Common condition and which also known as the silent killer, High Blood Pressure or Hyper Tension is referred as the pressure at which the blood flows through the blood vessels which is consistently high. The Measurements of Blood pressure and what they imply is given below

Systolic pressure or Upper Value in mm Hg Diastolic Pressure or  Lower Value in mm Hg Condition  Classification
Less Than 120 Less than 80 If both value are within the specified limit  Normal
120 to 129 Less than 80 If both value are within the specified limit  Elevated 
130 to 139 80-89 If anyone of the  value is within the specified limit  High Blood Pressure Stage 1 
140 and above  90 and above  If anyone of the  value is within the specified limit  High Blood Pressure Stage 2
Greater than 180 Greater than 120 If anyone or both of the  value is within the specified limit  hypertensive crisis 

 

The hypertensive stage is highly critical and to be consulted with a doctor immediately after the diagnosis. HBP is now a common condition and as per American Heart Association, nearly half of the American males and more than 100 million Americans have this and many of them do not know until reach hypertensive crisis stage get any of the symptoms such as nose bleeding, severe head ache, shortness of breath and acute anxiety. HBP may lead to Stroke, Heart Failure, Kidney Failure, Vision loss, Sexual Dysfunction.

As per World Health Organization, 1.13 billion people suffer from this medical condition and 2/3rd of them live in Low and middle – income countries. In 2015, 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women had HBP and this was the major cause of premature death worldwide.

HBP can be prevented by taking less than 5 grams of salt / day, eating fruits and vegetables daily, avoiding  Liquor and alcohol consumption and lowering saturated fats in Diet and being physically active and masking it as lifestyle.

If the HBP is diagnosed, it can be controlled by taking high potassium content (4700 mg / day but not excess ) which lowers the effect of salt excretes out through urine, reducing stress, Treating HBP and other medical conditions.

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